Saturday, June 24, 2017

Superlative Adjectives

The superlative is used to say what thing, person, or idea has the most of a particular quality within a group or of its kind.
Superlative adjectives normally come before any other adjectives.
Attribution Some rights reserved by Ant Jackson
 Some rights reserved by Bart vanDorp
Snowdon is not the highest mountain in Britain. 
Ben Nevis is the highest mountain in Britain.
Mount Snowdon is 3,559 feet high.Ben Nevis is 4,408 feet high.

 

FORMING THE SUPERLATIVE

FormRuleFor example
Words of one syllable ending in 'e'.
Add -st to the end of the word.
wide - widest
The Amazon River is the widest river in the world.
Words of one syllable, with one vowel and one consonant at the end.Double the consonant and add -est to the end of the word.
big - biggest
In 2010 a dog called Giant George was given the title of the biggest dog in the world.
Words of one syllable, with more than one vowel or more than one consonant at the end.Add - est to the end of the word.high - highest
Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the word. (But it isn't the tallest mountain in the world.)
Words of two syllables, ending in 'y'.Change 'y' to 'i', and add -est to the end of the word.happy - happiest
In 2013 Australia was named the happiest country in the world.
Words of two syllables or more, not ending in 'y'.Place 'the most' before the adjective.beautiful - the most beautiful
Some people say that the Maldives have the most beautiful beaches in the world.
Don't forget that some adjectives are irregular:-
  • 'good' becomes 'the best'
  • 'bad' becomes 'the worst'
  • 'far' becomes 'the furthest'

Friday, June 23, 2017

Possessive Adjectives

Possessive adjectives are used to show ownership or possession.
Subject pronounPossessive adjective

Singular

Imy
youyour
hehis
sheher
itits

Plural

youyour
weour
theytheir
For example:
  • I own a laptop. = It is my laptop.
  • You own this computer (I presume). = It is your computer.
  • David owns a black car. = It is his car.
  • Karen owns a house. = It is her house.
  • We hope you all enjoy these lessons. = They are your lessons.
  • The dog has a food bowl. = It is its food bowl.
  • We love this website. = It is our website.
  • Manchester United own a football ground. = It is their football ground.
!Note - You - Your = the same for singular and plural.

Saturday, June 17, 2017

ADJECTIVE ORDER

Adjectives can be used to describe lots of things, from physical size, age, shape, colour, material, to more abstract things like opinion, origin and purpose.
We can use adjectives together to give a detailed description of something.
Adjectives that express opinions usually come before all others, but it can sometimes depend on what exactly you want to emphasise.
For example: 


"That's a nice, big, blue bag." (You like the bag.)
"That's a nice blue." (You like the colour.)

Friday, June 16, 2017

Comparative form of Adjectives

When we compare things, people or even ideas we look at what makes them different from each other.
Comparative adjectives are used to show what quality one thing has more or less than the other. They normally come before any other adjectives.
!Tip - It's a good idea to learn opposites (antonyms) when learning adjectives.
For example:

TALL / SHORT

tallshort
The man on the left is taller than the man on the right. 

The man on the right is shorter than the man on the left.
 !Note - Have you noticed that when we are comparing two things like this we put than between the adjective and the thing being compared.

Saturday, June 10, 2017

ENGLISH ADJECTIVES

WHAT IS AN ADJECTIVE?"

Simply put adjectives are descriptive words. Adjectives are used to describe or give information about things, ideas and people:nouns or pronouns.
For Example:-

The grey dog barked. (The adjective grey describes the noun "dog".)

The most common question an adjective might answer is "What kind of ...?"
The good news is that in English the form of an adjective does not change, once you have learnt it that's it and it does not matter if the noun being described is male or female, singular or plural, subject or object. Yay!
Some adjectives give us factual information about the noun - age, size colour etc (fact adjectives - can't be argued with).
Some adjectives show what somebody thinks about something or somebody - nice, horrid, beautiful etc (opinion adjectives - not everyone may agree).

There are different types of adjectives in the English language:

  • Numeric: six, one hundred and one etc.
  • Quantitative: more, all, some, half, more than enough etc.
  • Qualitative: colour, size, smell etc.
  • Possessive: my, his, their, your etc.
  • Interrogative: which, whose, what etc.
  • Demonstrative: this, that, those, these etc.
!Note - The articles a, an, and the are a special kind of adjective called articles, and the possessives my, our, your, and their are sometimes known as possessive adjectives.

Colour

Adjectives can be used to describe colour.
rainbow
blue, red, green, brown, yellow, black, white, etc.
For Example:
  • "The blue bag." or "The blue bags".

Opinion

Adjectives can be used to give your opinion about something.
thumb up thumb down
good, pretty, right, wrong, funny, light, happy, sad, full, soft, hard etc.
For Example:
  • He was a silly boy. / She was a silly girl.

Size

Adjectives can be used to describe size.
tall/short
big, small, little, long, tall, short, same as, etc.
For Example:
  • "The big man." or "The big woman".

Age

Adjectives can be used to describe age.
oldchild
For Example:
  • "He was an old man." or "She was an old woman."

Shape

Adjectives can be used to describe shape.
circlecube
round, circular, triangular, rectangular, square, oval, etc.
For Example:
  • "It was a square box." or "They were square boxes."

Origin

Adjectives can be used to describe origin.
germany france
For Example:-
  • "It was a German flag." or "They were German flags."

Material

Adjectives can be used to identify the material something is made of.
tv
  • "A wooden cupboard." or "Wooden cupboards."
!Note - In English we often change nouns into adjectives.
For Example: glass - a glass vase / metal - a metal tray etc.

Distance

Adjectives can be used to describe distance.
  l -- o -- n -- g  / short
long, short, far, around, start, high, low, etc.
For Example:
  • "She went for a long walk." or "They went for lots of long walks."

Temperature

Adjectives can be used to describe temperature.
thermometer
cold, warm, hot, cool, etc.
For Example:
  • "It was a hot day" or "We eat ice cream on hot days."

Time

Adjectives can be used to describe time.
morning night
late, early, bed, nap, dinner, lunch, day, morning, night, etc.
or Example:
  • "She had an early start."

 Purpose

Adjectives can be used to describe purpose. (These adjectives often end with "-ing".)
For Example:
  • "She gave them a sleeping bag." or "She gave them sleeping bags."
!Note - Have you noticed how the adjective stays the same, whether it is describing a masculine, feminine, singular or plural noun? Nice huh?
When using more than one adjective to modify a noun, the adjectives may be separated by a conjunction (and) or by commas (,).
For Example:
  • "Her hair was long and blonde." or "She had long, blonde hair."
More examples:
AdjectivePrettySeriousFastQuiet
For Example:She is a pretty girl.He was a serious boy.It could be a fast car.They were quiet children.